Test your knowledge by seeing how many of these Rangers-related questions you can answer correctly.[wp-simple-survey-13]YTo4OntzOjk6IndpZGdldF9pZCI7czoyMDoid3lzaWphLW5sLTEzNTI0NjE4NjkiO3M6NToibGlzdHMiO2E6MTp7aTowO3M6MToiMyI7fXM6MTA6Imxpc3RzX25hbWUiO2E6MTp7aTozO3M6MjI6Ildlc3QgTG9uZG9uIFNwb3J0IGxpc3QiO31zOjEyOiJhdXRvcmVnaXN0ZXIiO3M6MTc6Im5vdF9hdXRvX3JlZ2lzdGVyIjtzOjEyOiJsYWJlbHN3aXRoaW4iO3M6MTM6ImxhYmVsc193aXRoaW4iO3M6Njoic3VibWl0IjtzOjMzOiJTdWJzY3JpYmUgdG8gb3VyIGRhaWx5IG5ld3NsZXR0ZXIiO3M6Nzoic3VjY2VzcyI7czoyODM6IlRoYW5rIHlvdSEgUGxlYXNlIGNoZWNrIHlvdXIgaW5ib3ggaW4gb3JkZXIgdG8gY29uZmlybSB5b3VyIHN1YnNjcmlwdGlvbi4gSWYgeW91IGRvbid0IHNlZSBhbiBlLW1haWwgZnJvbSB1cywgY2hlY2sgeW91ciBzcGFtIGZvbGRlci4gSWYgeW91IHN0aWxsIGhhdmVuJ3QgcmVjZWl2ZWQgYSBjb25maXJtYXRpb24gbWVzc2FnZSwgcGxlYXNlIGUtbWFpbCBmZWVkYmFja0B3ZXN0bG9uZG9uc3BvcnQuY29tIGFuZCB0ZWxsIHVzIHlvdSB3aXNoIHRvIHN1YnNjcmliZSB0byBvdXIgbmV3c2xldHRlci4iO3M6MTI6ImN1c3RvbWZpZWxkcyI7YToxOntzOjU6ImVtYWlsIjthOjE6e3M6NToibGFiZWwiO3M6NToiRW1haWwiO319fQ== Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Current Biology1 has an article on the status of searching for Darwin’s “tree of life” via comparative genomics. The expected simple picture has become complex and difficult to decipher:The traditional view of animal evolution is one of gradually increasing complexity. The earliest-branching flatworms lack the body cavity known as a coelom, which is a characteristic feature of the two traditional groups of ‘higher’ animals: deuterostomes, including echinoderms and chordates, and protostomes, such as annelids, molluscs and arthropods. Between these two extremes, according to the traditional view, lie the pseudoceolomate worms such as the nematodes, the body cavities of which lack the refinements of a true coelom. This hierarchical view was shaken in the mid 1990s by a phylogenetic study of small subunit ribosomal (r)RNA genes. This work elevated the acoelomate flatworms to a close relationship with the coelomate annelids and molluscs, in a group called the Lophotrochozoa, and pseudocoelomate nematodes moved close to the coelomate arthropods, creating a group called the Ecdysozoa. Opposing the ‘new animal phylogeny’, as this new scheme has been called, are several analyses of huge numbers of genes – close to 800 in the most recent – sampled from the few animals with completely sequenced genomes: fruitfly, nematode and various vertebrates. These multigene analyses are unanimous in grouping coelomate arthropods and vertebrates to the exclusion of the pseudocoelomate nematodes, so reverting to traditional views of their relationships. The overwhelming number of genes supporting the old scheme might suggest that the new animal phylogeny was finished – an artefact of a small data set. New work, however, suggests this conclusion is premature, and that the multigene result might itself be based on an artefact called long branch attraction. (Emphasis added in all quotes.)Long branch attraction is a “pernicious effect” they say. When “some species in a phylogenetic analysis have evolved much faster than others,” it makes them long branch species and confuses the tree. What is the net effect? “The result of this relatively common phenomenon is a tendency for all methods of tree reconstruction to group the long-branch species together regardless of their true relationship.” They provide examples of how the choice of “outgroup” (the distant species) and the tree-building method can produce radically different or counterintuitive results. For example,In common with previous studies Philippe et al. found that, using yeast as an outgroup, nematodes are located at the base of the tree with high statistical support. The flatworms are long branched too, and they are also found at the base of the tree. The change when short-branched Hydra is used instead of yeast is dramatic: both nematodes and flatworms jump up from the root of the tree to a position adjacent to the arthropods, strongly suggesting it was long branch attraction that placed them at the base. But this result is troubling, as there is now an unexpected close association between nematodes – which, as presumed ecdysozoans are appropriately close to the arthropods – and flatworms which, according to the new animal phylogeny ought to be grouped with annelids and molluscs in the Lophotrochozoa.The authors describe efforts to counteract the effects of long branch attraction, some of which appear hopeful. But much more data will need to be analyzed before any conclusions can be drawn. Of the 28 animal phyla to be placed in the tree, only eight so far have genetic sequences available for analysis.1Maximilian J. Telford, and Richard R. Copley, “Animal Phylogeny: Fatal Attraction,” Current Biology, Volume 15, Issue 8, 26 April 2005, Pages R296-R299, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2005.04.001.What if the pieces of this huge puzzle don’t fit the picture Darwin drew on the box? The very term “long branch attraction” comes from evolutionary assumptions. When the organism should be on a certain branch in their a priori evolutionary mindset but the software puts it farther up, they can just assume it “evolved much faster” than its relatives. But what if it did not evolve significantly at all? What if animals are not related by common descent from a single cell? It could be a complete exercise in futility. Science needs freedom to explore many possible avenues, some of which may become dead ends. At what point do they give up and go the other direction? What if complete representative genomes from all 28 animal phyla still don’t match expectations and produce “troubling” results for Charlie? If a driver cannot read the dead-end sign, he might drive the wrong way forever. Evolutionists know how to translate any warning sign into Darwinese. It allows them to ignore No Trespassing signs and wander endlessly in storyland. This article illustrates how phylogenomics is like a perpetual metaphysical research programme. Every parameter is tweakable except the notion of Darwinian common ancestry. Notice the evolutionary assumptions embedded in their phrase, “a tendency for all methods of tree reconstruction to group the long-branch species together regardless of their true relationship.” Phylogeny is the art of forcing uncooperative data into the “true relationship” received from Pope Charlie’s scriptures (see 02/13/2004 commentary). And you thought only religious people operated under dogma.(Visited 8 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Los Angeles, May 29 (PTI) Retired baseball player Alex Rodriguez has signed a deal with ABC News as a contributor.The 41-year-old former New York Yankee star is expected to appear on The Alphabets shows like “Good Morning America”, World News Tonight” and “Nightline”.He will report on “fitness, personal finance and other topics beyond sports, reported Ace Showbiz.The former athlete, who currently dating Jennifer Lopez, is following in the footsteps of Michael Strahan.After retiring from NFL, the former New York Giants star becomes a football analyst on “Fox NFL Sunday” and a regular on “GMA”. He previously served as a co-host on Kelly Ripas morning talk show. PTI JCH JCH
Last Thursday it was announced the Australian Government will provide an extra $100,000 in funding to Deaf Sports Australia to support the national roll out of its junior participation program. “Sport is a wonderful platform for inclusion and I commend Deaf Sports Australia for developing this program to overcome the barriers to participation faced by deaf children.” Touch Football Australia was one of four sporting organisations chosen to help launch Deaf Sports Australia’s Active Deaf Kids program at the ACT Netball Centre on Thursday. 28 deaf and hearing impaired children, their parents and teachers witnessed the Federal Minister for Sport Kate Lundy launch the new program. The Minister, being a keen Touch Football player herself, joined the children in the Touch Football clinic organised by Rob Palmer (Touch Football ACT Sport Operations Coordinator) and supported Adam Raptis (Touch Football Australia Sport Development Coordinator) and hard working local volunteer, Greg Ratford. Earlier in her opening address, Minister Lundy explained the rationale of the Active Deaf Kids program stating that it is about ‘levelling the playing field so kids who are deaf or hearing impaired can get involved and participate in sport’. Further she highlighted the importance of sport being a platform of inclusion and a means to overcome the barriers to participation faced by deaf children. Present to witness the Minister’s launch was the Australian Sports Commission CEO Simon Hollingsworth whose support for the new program ensured that this project can happen and to witness the benefits of the Australian Sports Commission investment into participation funding used by Touch Football to meet the challenge of inclusion as set by Minister Lundy. Deaf Sports Australia CEO Craig Dodson and Touch Football Australia’s General Manager Business Operations David Brady were also present.Touch Football Australia’s involvement continues as it utilises the ASC participation funding to support this community inclusion program for deaf and hearing impaired Australians through Touch Football. The next big event is in January 2013 where Canberra plays host of the first National Deaf Touch Football Championships.Related LinksActive Deaf Kids Launch
Monaco fight Chelsea over Fabregas transfer feeby Freddie Taylor10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea and Monaco are fighting over a suitable transfer fee for Cesc Fabregas. The Spaniard has flown into the principality and agreed personal terms over a two-and-a-half year contract, which included a signing bonus worth in excess of £9m. Fabregas, who waved goodbye to supporters after Saturday’s win over Nottingham Forest, could have joined the Ligue 1 club at the end of the season when his Chelsea contract expires.However, Chelsea want to cash in while on the 31-year-old and are holding out for £10m, but Monaco aren’t willing to meet their evaluation. A deal is still expected to be completed before the transfer window shuts at the end of January. TagsTransfersAbout the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say
DAWSON CREEK, B.C. – A mix of public transportation services have already started to fill the gap as Greyhound Canada ends service in Western Canada.Greyhound Service to Fort St. John and Fort Nelson ended June 1, but service was maintained into Dawson Creek from Edmonton until Tuesday.The national motor coach operator is being replaced by a mix of provincial government-subsidized services, Indigenous-owned bus lines, locally owned startups, flexible fleets of shuttle buses and a scattering of formal and informal ride-sharing services. In our region, the Province created the BC Bus to serve parts of Northern B.C. after Greyhound pulled out, but as of today service between our area of the Province of Alberta will be non-existent.Red Arrow in Alberta has already started to operate on the route between Grande Prairie and Edmonton but at this point hasn’t announced any plans to extend service into northeast B.C.
Kanpur: Prime Minister Narendra Modi Friday asked state governments to take stern action if there is any attack on Kashmiris, calling those who targeted them recently in Lucknow “crazed people”.In an apparent reference to remarks by opposition leaders after the recent air strikes against the Balakot terror camp in Pakistan, Modi also lashed at those demeaning the valour displayed by the armed forces after the Jaish-e-Mohammed attack against the CRPF in Pulwama. Also Read – IAF Day: Tributes paid to soldiers killed in line of duty in JammuAddressing a public meeting here, Modi brought up the Lucknow incident in which two Kashmiri vendors were thrashed on Wednesday, allegedly targeted by members of a right-wing group over the Pulwama attack that killed 40 paramilitary personnel last month. The prime minister called the perpetrators sirphirey log (crazed people) in near identical remarks at the meeting and on Twitter. “It is very important to maintain an atmosphere of unity in the country,” Modi said. Also Read – SC declines Oil Min request to stay sharing of documents on Reliance penaltyHe congratulated the Yogi Adityanath government for acting promptly over what some crazed people did to our Kashmiri brothers in Lucknow. “I would also like to request other state governments to take the strongest action possible wherever there is an attempt to do something like this,” he said. The prime minister was addressing the meeting after flagging off the commercial run on Lucknow Metro’s North-South corridor, through video conferencing from Kanpur itself. Modi also symbolically laid the foundation stone for the Agra Metro Rail project at the same event. He visited Varanasi and Ghaziabad too on Friday, launching development projects and addressing public meetings.
New Delhi: The country’s largest carmaker Maruti Suzuki India (MSI) plans to take a variety of steps including enhanced localisation, increase in productivity and reducing overall costs in order to improve margins in the current fiscal, a senior company official has said. The auto major reported EBITDA margin of 14 per cent for 2018-19, down 1.9 per cent from 15.9 per cent in 2017-18. “We are working very hard on cost cutting, there is lot of effort on cost side…as a company we are all committed to work towards it and ensure that it (margins) improve from here,” MSI CFO Ajay Seth said. Also Read – Commercial vehicle sales to remain subdued in current fiscal: IcraThe company will carry on with its internal efforts without worrying about the external factors like foreign exchange rates, he added. “External factors will be there but whatever is in our control we will try and work harder in terms of cost reduction and enhancing productivity,” Seth noted. He said increasing localisation is an important part of the initiative. “Localisation is a big drive now. Wherever we have been hit on account of foreign exchange, we are now looking at large targets for localisation,” he said. Also Read – Ashok Leyland stock tanks over 5 pc as co plans to suspend production for up to 15 daysOverheads are under severe scrutiny and the company is looking at vendors in terms of more productivity gains, Seth added. “So a variety of things are being done. For us it is very crucial that we improve from here,” he said. EBITDA margin is an assessment of a firm’s operating profitability as a percentage of its total revenue. It is equal to earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) divided by total revenue. MSI reported a 4.6 per cent decline in net profit to Rs 1,795.6 crore for the fourth quarter of the 2018-19. For the entire 2018-19, MSI posted a net profit of Rs 7,500.6 crore, down 2.9 per cent from the previous financial year. The carmaker has also decided to phase out all diesel cars from its portfolio with effect from April 1, 2020. When asked if the company is looking for write offs having already put in large investments in diesel engine plants over the years, Seth said, the auditors have done a detailed study and concluded that there would not be any significant impact. “Around 99 per cent of it (diesel capacity) is getting converted (into petrol, CNG etc).. there is no impairment as such, even if there is a impairment it is going to be a negligible amount,” he added. “If you cannot convert your facilities into anything else then you have to impair it,” he further said. The company would be able to convert its existing plants as per the company’s long term goals, he added. MSI plans to shift its entire portfolio to petrol, CNG powertrains. The auto major currently gets 23 per cent of its total sales in the domestic market from diesel cars. It sold a total of 4.63 lakh diesel units last fiscal. Some of the company’s models like Vitara Brezza and S-Cross currently come with a diesel engine option only. Others like Swift, Baleno, Dzire, Ciaz and Ertiga also have petrol versions in addition to the diesel trims.
Banihal/Jammu: Five people, including a policeman, were killed and 15 others injured when three private passenger vehicles skidded off mountainous roads and rolled down hills in separate incidents in Ramban and Poonch districts of Jammu and Kashmir, police said Tuesday.Two people, identified as policeman Bittu Ram and a youth named Neik Ram, were killed and six others injured when a passenger cab fell into a deep gorge at Kanga near Ramban Tuesday, an official said. The vehicle was on its way from Sumber to Ramban, the busy town along Jammu-Srinagar National Highway, he said, adding that all the injured were rescued and two of them, Darshan Singh and his wife Deepa Devi, were referred to the Government Medical College Hospital in Jammu for specialised treatment.
Gorakhpur (UP): Uttar Pradesh Congress chief Raj Babbar Wednesday accused the BJP of diverting people’s attention from development issue and trying to spread communal hatred for garnering votes. Canvassing for party candidate Supriya Shrinate in Maharajganj seat, he said most of the development works were done during the Congress rule and his party is the real voice of the poor, backward and the downtrodden sections of the society. “The BJP is trying to divert people’s attention from development issue and are trying to spread communal hatred and seeking votes,” Babbar said at an election meeting in Maharjganj district. Also Read – 2019 most peaceful festive season for J&K: Jitendra Singh”Only the Congress is capable of carrying out development works for people belonging to all castes, religions and geographical areas… only the Congress can take the country ahead on the path of development,” Babbar said. Shrinate said she entered politics to fulfil the dreams of his late father Harshvardhan Singh who had been elected MP from Mahrajganj twice. “The district is facing massive problems, sugar mills are closed and there is no industry to provide jobs to the youth. Here, the struggle is between rich and poor. “Since the BJP came to power, our country has gone back many steps and there is no one to listen to the poor and helpless,” she alleged.